Rocket science – St Louis Rocketry http://stlouisrocketry.org/ Tue, 20 Jul 2021 18:13:59 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.2 https://stlouisrocketry.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/icon-2021-07-05T144115.516-139x136.png Rocket science – St Louis Rocketry http://stlouisrocketry.org/ 32 32 China’s Huge Spending On R&D And Why The United States And Its Allies Are Afraid https://stlouisrocketry.org/chinas-huge-spending-on-rd-and-why-the-united-states-and-its-allies-are-afraid/ https://stlouisrocketry.org/chinas-huge-spending-on-rd-and-why-the-united-states-and-its-allies-are-afraid/#respond Tue, 20 Jul 2021 14:32:34 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/chinas-huge-spending-on-rd-and-why-the-united-states-and-its-allies-are-afraid/ China’s Five Hundred Meter Aperture Radio Telescope (FAST) undergoing maintenance in southwest China’s Guizhou Province, Jan. 8, 2020. / Xinhua China’s Five Hundred Meter Aperture Radio Telescope (FAST) undergoing maintenance in southwest China’s Guizhou Province, Jan. 8, 2020. / Xinhua Editor’s Note: Stephen Ndegwa is a Nairobi-based communications expert, lecturer-researcher at United States International University-Africa, […]]]>

China’s Five Hundred Meter Aperture Radio Telescope (FAST) undergoing maintenance in southwest China’s Guizhou Province, Jan. 8, 2020. / Xinhua

China’s Five Hundred Meter Aperture Radio Telescope (FAST) undergoing maintenance in southwest China’s Guizhou Province, Jan. 8, 2020. / Xinhua

Editor’s Note: Stephen Ndegwa is a Nairobi-based communications expert, lecturer-researcher at United States International University-Africa, author and columnist on international affairs. The article reflects the views of the author, and not necessarily those of CGTN.

If the news that the Chinese economy will overtake that of the United States in the next few years had been suggested by the former, the world’s second largest economy would have been accused of misinformation or punches.

According to a new report released by the Aspen Institute, a Washington-based think tank, China will soon exceed the US budget for research and development (R&D) by 2025. As noted in the government’s work report during the 14th five-year plan (2021-25), the country will strive to achieve annual growth of more than 7% in R&D spending.

“If China implements its current five-year plan, it will soon exceed total US R&D spending,” the report said, adding that China’s R&D spending has grown 16% per year since 2000, compared to a meager 3% in the United States. States. As a result, US spending on R&D as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) is the lowest in decades, averaging 2.8% of GDP spent on R&D over the past 10 years.

Statistics released by China’s National Bureau of Statistics in April reveal that the country spent 37.3% more in the high-tech investment sector in the first quarter of 2021 compared to the same period in 2020. Investments in the high-tech sector High-tech manufacturing increased 41.6%, and investment in the high-tech service sector increased 28.9%.

Investment in medical equipment manufacturing increased 50% year-on-year, and investment in computers and office equipment climbed 49.5%. The added value of equipment manufacturing in China rose 39.9% in the first quarter. Growth in the production of new energy vehicles, industrial robots and microcomputers has all exceeded 60 percent, with an average over the past two years exceeding 19 percent.

Clearly, China’s economic growth has increased along with its investment in R&D. Its R&D spending increased by 35% between 1991 and 2018, from $ 13.1 billion to $ 462.6 billion. In 2018, China spent the same amount on R&D as four major economies combined – Japan, Germany, South Korea and France – accounting for almost a quarter of global R&D spending.

Conversely, the Aspen Institute report paints a grim picture of America’s progress, citing that it has vastly underinvested in science and innovation, which can hurt living standards. , health, national competitiveness and citizens’ capacity to respond to crises.

Now the observation that America is in general decline is gaining credibility. In an article published in Foreign Policy on July 16 titled “The Collapse of America’s Meritocracy is a Recipe for Revolt,” writer Paul Musgrave notes that “virtually few American policymakers have degrees in science or science. languages, and yet they make decisions about nuclear weapons nonetheless. , biotechnology and international trade. “

The office building of Internet company Microsoft in China is seen in Shanghai, China on December 8, 2020. / Getty

The office building of Internet company Microsoft in China is seen in Shanghai, China on December 8, 2020. / Getty

While not everything is rocket science, the United States has replaced its long-standing adherence to logic and science with political and social opportunism. This explains the reasons why the country’s leadership and its main Western allies have become extremely paranoid about China’s technological growth. Instructively, President Joe Biden on Monday mobilized American allies in yet another ridiculous accusation that China was behind global cyber attacks targeting Microsoft users in particular.

Of course, this big lie would be incomplete without mentioning the areas in which China allegedly stole valuable information. But it doesn’t take a lot of thinking to know that these are some of the areas where China has invested heavily in R&D, including the automotive, aerospace and medical sectors.

It is also important to note that a large part of China’s R&D investment is driven by the private sector. The sector invests 76.6%, while the government invests 20.2% of the money. This is not an indication of a government that is interested in spying on or interfering in the business transactions of other entities. Many of the other major Western economies have a higher government contribution to R&D, including the United States, which has a business-to-government contribution ratio of 62.4 and 23 percent, respectively.

In addition, China’s R&D trade contribution model also supports data from the World Bank which shows that the number of domestic listed companies in the country has more than tripled from 1,086 in 2000 to 3,777. in 2019.

The COVID-19 pandemic has laid bare strong economies and those built on sinking sand. The fact that China is the only country to experience positive economic growth in 2020 is proof of its wise investments over the years.

Ironically, another Western think tank, the UK-based Center for Economics and Business Research, predicted in December 2020 that by 2028, China will overtake the United States to become the world’s largest economy, five years earlier than expected. China’s “skillful” handling of COVID-19 would boost its relative growth relative to the United States and Europe in the coming years, the report said. Well, do the math!

(If you would like to contribute and have specific expertise, please contact us at opinions@cgtn.com.)


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You’re Nuts: Which B1G basketball player was the most painful in the a $! to the Buckeyes? https://stlouisrocketry.org/youre-nuts-which-b1g-basketball-player-was-the-most-painful-in-the-a-to-the-buckeyes/ https://stlouisrocketry.org/youre-nuts-which-b1g-basketball-player-was-the-most-painful-in-the-a-to-the-buckeyes/#respond Fri, 16 Jul 2021 19:31:00 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/youre-nuts-which-b1g-basketball-player-was-the-most-painful-in-the-a-to-the-buckeyes/ To use Eminem’s words, guess who’s back? Well, that’s us. We are back. Connor Lemons and Justin Golba, BucketHeads residents of Land-Grant Holy Land (check out our podcast), and we’re here to debate yet another semi-trivial topic. It was tough for Justin, who hasn’t won as many times as Connor. and the bleeding continued. Although […]]]>

To use Eminem’s words, guess who’s back? Well, that’s us. We are back. Connor Lemons and Justin Golba, BucketHeads residents of Land-Grant Holy Land (check out our podcast), and we’re here to debate yet another semi-trivial topic.

It was tough for Justin, who hasn’t won as many times as Connor. and the bleeding continued. Although Connor didn’t win either. This week, the “other” option barely snatched a win over Connor and Justin got the van on board quite comfortably.

“Other” won with 38 votes (42%) and Connor’s choice of EJ Liddell received 37 votes (41%). I hate to see him. Justin’s precise choice of Trayce Jackson-Davis received 16 votes (18%), including 10 likely from his mother.

After 10 weeks

Connor – 5
Justin-2
Other- 2

(Four weeks ago there was a tie)

As we move into another week, Connor holds a three-week lead over Justin 5-2, while “other” has gained two weeks. “Other” is officially as smart as Justin.

This week, we’re talking about the players who caused the most trouble at Ohio State and who are still with their squad right now. So before we yell at us about someone who played in the 70s, that person has yet to be in college. Basically he’s the player the Buckeyes are circling on the calendar this year.

As always, if you agree with any of us, let us know in the comments below, or respond on Twitter! We would love to hear your thoughts on this particular topic, or anything related to Ohio State hoops!

Today’s Question: Which (current) B1G basketball player has been the biggest problem for the Buckeyes?


Connor’s Pick: Trevion Williams

Aaron Doster-USA TODAY Sports

This one seemed like a no-brainer. At 6-10 and almost 270 pounds, Williams has been struggling at Ohio State under the basket for three years now, and we’ve got one more season with him. He was a huge thorn for the Ohio State side last season, averaging 19 points and 10 rebounds per game over three games. For his career, he averages 12.8 points, 7.1 rebounds and three assists per game when he faces the Buckeyes.

Why is the Ohio State fighting against him so much, especially recently? Well, it’s not rocket science, the man is tall as hell. He has no outside play and can’t shoot free throws for his life, but Williams requires at least two defenders every time the ball is in his hands. Over time, he improved as a passer making it a riskier game to overtake the Purdue big man’s team. This was evidenced in Ohio State’s road loss to Purdue last season, when Williams managed a rebound and two assists within a triple double. He finished the game with 16 points, 9 rebounds and 8 assists.

Plus, Williams is (indirectly) the reason Ohio State lost to Oral Roberts in the NCAA tournament. Kyle Young took a stray Williams elbow to the head in the Buckeyes’ Big Ten Tournament win over Purdue, and he was later diagnosed with concussion – his second in four weeks. Multiple concussions aren’t a problem, so Young missed the final games of the season, including Ohio State’s historic loss in tournament play.

Ohio State struggled to penetrate ORU’s home defense, often settling for three deep points. The Buckeyes shot 21.7% from depths that day out of 23 attempts, but they just couldn’t get the ball inside and score on Kevin Obanor. Obanor had a day in the field on the other end, scoring 30 points while also shooting 11 rebounds. Young alone wouldn’t have stopped Obanor, but he absolutely would have helped. And while it’s impossible to know for sure, I think a healthy Kyle Young could have made at least a three-point difference, which was the margin of loss on March 19.

Does Ohio State have the staff to manage Williams this season? Probably not! Joey Brunk is the tallest man in the Ohio State roster, but he will be a part-time player this season. Neither Young nor Zed Key are big enough to handle Williams on their own, either. The bottom line is that Williams has elevated his passing and defense to a point where his inability to shoot a basketball doesn’t matter much – his inside play is so clean it’s the only tool he has. need. And if you want to send the whole brigade after him, he’ll switch to an open Jaden Ivey or Sasha Stefanovic for an open rider.

Trevion Williams represents 265 books of trouble for the state of Ohio, and I don’t see him changing until he’s out of college eligibility.


Justin’s Pick: Hunter Dickinson

Maybe one day I’ll win. Maybe I won’t. I will never stop predicting and debating things though. Let’s drive.

For my selection of guys, I would be happy to never see again, I’m going with a guy I thought I would never see again. Michigan’s rising sophomore center Hunter Dickinson.

The 7-foot-2 Dickinson had a strong freshman season for the Wolverines, averaging 14 points per game and nearly eight rebounds per game, effectively shooting 60 percent from the field.

Dickinson decided to put his name in the 2021 NBA Draft after the season ended and I personally thought he was going to stay in the draft and see where he or who he fell too, but he decided to come back to Michigan for at least one more season to hone his skills and work on his weaknesses.

Whether you like it or not, this is bad news for the state of Ohio. Last season, the Wolverines and Buckeyes faced each other twice. In the first clash, Dickinson had 22 points, nine rebounds and two blocks on 8-for-14 shots from the field and 6-for-6 from the free throw line.

In the second clash, Dickinson recorded 21 points and eight rebounds on 9 of 14 shots from the field. He also managed to avoid foul issues in both competitions. The best ability is uptime and it didn’t hurt whenever they played with stupid fouls. Mainly because he didn’t have too many.

Dickinson only faced Ohio State twice, but he was a force to be reckoned with in both clashes. The main statistic that stands out is the efficiency of his offensive play. In both games combined, he shot 71% from the field and apparently shot at will at the massively undersized Buckeyes.

Here’s the problem for the Buckeyes. It won’t change much this season.

Kyle Young and EJ Liddell are still around and as good as they are, they’re still undersized compared to Dickinson. The Buckeyes brought in transfer from Indiana and big man Joey Brunk, but his minutes likely won’t compete with Dickinson’s, so Dickinson will have what he wants when Brunk is out.

Dickinson is a guy who stepped up the big moments for the Wolverines as well.

He’s had a strong NCAA tournament against great competition and he’s set for a huge season.

Last year they only played once against Michigan in the regular season, but this year they’ll see them with Dickinson at least twice in the regular season. They will have to get creative with him on defense or he could be an absolute nightmare for Chris Holtmann and company.


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Who was the biggest pain point in the state of Ohio?

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Northrop to build houses in lunar orbit under $ 935 million contract with NASA https://stlouisrocketry.org/northrop-to-build-houses-in-lunar-orbit-under-935-million-contract-with-nasa/ https://stlouisrocketry.org/northrop-to-build-houses-in-lunar-orbit-under-935-million-contract-with-nasa/#respond Fri, 09 Jul 2021 17:31:00 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/northrop-to-build-houses-in-lunar-orbit-under-935-million-contract-with-nasa/ July 9 (Reuters) – Northrop Grumman Corp (NOC.N) has won a $ 935 million NASA contract to develop housing for the planned US space agency outpost in lunar orbit , the arms manufacturer announced on Friday. Astronauts will live and research the Housing and Logistics Outpost (HALO) built by Northrop for the Lunar Gateway – […]]]>

July 9 (Reuters) – Northrop Grumman Corp (NOC.N) has won a $ 935 million NASA contract to develop housing for the planned US space agency outpost in lunar orbit , the arms manufacturer announced on Friday.

Astronauts will live and research the Housing and Logistics Outpost (HALO) built by Northrop for the Lunar Gateway – a critical part of NASA’s Artemis lunar program.

China is also considering setting up a base at the Moon’s south pole and deploying robotic expeditions to asteroids and Jupiter around 2030. read more

NASA and its business and international partners are building Gateway to support scientific research and enable surface landings on the moon, the agency said in a statement.

Northrop Grumman will be responsible for securing and testing the neighborhoods integrated with a solar propulsion module under development.

Eight countries have signed an international pact for the exploration of the moon under NASA’s Artemis program as the US space agency tries to set standards for building long-term colonies on the lunar surface.

NASA is targeting a November 2024 launch for the spacecraft integrated on a SpaceX rocket.

Reporting by Shreyasee Raj in Bengaluru; Editing by Devika Syamnath

Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.


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Upcycled food, edible insects and rat trap: the festival with a successful formula https://stlouisrocketry.org/upcycled-food-edible-insects-and-rat-trap-the-festival-with-a-successful-formula/ https://stlouisrocketry.org/upcycled-food-edible-insects-and-rat-trap-the-festival-with-a-successful-formula/#respond Mon, 05 Jul 2021 05:06:00 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/upcycled-food-edible-insects-and-rat-trap-the-festival-with-a-successful-formula/ New Zealand International Science Festival / Supplied The New Zealand International Science Festival features over 100 unique events from July 8-18. Foodies bought tickets for a three-course meal that included foods often destined for scrap. It costs $ 10 to reserve a seat at the table and diners will be asked to “pay as you […]]]>
The New Zealand International Science Festival features over 100 unique events from July 8-18.

New Zealand International Science Festival / Supplied

The New Zealand International Science Festival features over 100 unique events from July 8-18.

Foodies bought tickets for a three-course meal that included foods often destined for scrap.

It costs $ 10 to reserve a seat at the table and diners will be asked to “pay as you see fit” in the evening.

The Recycled Catering Dinner is one of hundreds of events being held as part of the New Zealand International Science Festival in Dunedin from Thursday to July 18.

Festival director Dan Hendra said the festival was the only one of its kind in the country and had lasted for more than two decades.

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“It’s really unique. Science festivals are a worldwide phenomenon… but New Zealand just hasn’t quite got it.

A ‘micro’ version of the biennial event took place last year, weeks after the country emerged from Level 4 lockdown, Hendra said.

While Covid-19 had affected the international portion of the event, the online program had generated great interest from outside Dunedin, particularly from Christchurch and Auckland.

Just over 100 unique events were planned and many would be repeated during the festival.

The live science program is entirely devoted to chemistry.

New Zealand International Science Festival / Supplied

The live science program is entirely devoted to chemistry.

Hendra said most of the events were “hands-on hands-on experiences” aimed at children and coincided with the school holidays starting on Monday.

The experiments included approaching a 4-meter replica moon based on NASA footage and stage shows featuring explosions, ice and smoke.

The live performances were to attract several thousand people, while around 30,000 were to attend the entire festival.

Some adult-themed events, such as the Recycled Food Experience, sold out within days.

“It’s not unusual,” Hendra said.

Stargazing is one of the events offered at the New Zealand International Science Festival.

New Zealand International Science Festival / Supplied

Stargazing is one of the events offered at the New Zealand International Science Festival.

Another event costing $ 2 a ticket included a lecture on the history and research of edible insects and even included a tasting.

“One of our long-term strategies is to make it as accessible as possible. “

The strategy meant, for example, that customers could take a free round-trip bus from anywhere in town to the festival in its first week and for live performances that Saturday.

“It’s little things like that that we merged to make everything more accessible.”

Companies such as Miter 10 have also been involved. The hardware store offered workshops on building rat trapping tunnels, insect hotels and bird feeders, Hendra said.

Corporate partnerships reduced the cost of tickets and participants were able to learn pragmatic skills that would benefit New Zealand’s natural environment.

Or they could look at the dissection of a sheep’s heart, or look at some unusual specimens inside the University of Otago Anatomy Museum.

It is not rocket science.

Visit scifest.org.nz for more information.


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