united states – St Louis Rocketry http://stlouisrocketry.org/ Fri, 18 Mar 2022 18:19:06 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://stlouisrocketry.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/icon-2021-07-05T144115.516-139x136.png united states – St Louis Rocketry http://stlouisrocketry.org/ 32 32 3 Russian cosmonauts arrive at the International Space Station https://stlouisrocketry.org/3-russian-cosmonauts-arrive-at-the-international-space-station/ Fri, 18 Mar 2022 18:19:06 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/3-russian-cosmonauts-arrive-at-the-international-space-station/ MOSCOW (AP) — A trio of Russian cosmonauts arrived at the International Space Station on Friday, the first new faces in space since Russia’s war in Ukraine began. Russian space company Roscosmos cosmonauts Oleg Artemyev, Denis Matveyev and Sergey Korsakov successfully lifted off from Russia’s leased launch facility in Baikonur, Kazakhstan in their Soyuz MS-21 […]]]>

MOSCOW (AP) — A trio of Russian cosmonauts arrived at the International Space Station on Friday, the first new faces in space since Russia’s war in Ukraine began.

Russian space company Roscosmos cosmonauts Oleg Artemyev, Denis Matveyev and Sergey Korsakov successfully lifted off from Russia’s leased launch facility in Baikonur, Kazakhstan in their Soyuz MS-21 spacecraft at 8:55 p.m. Friday (11:55 a.m. EDT). They docked smoothly at the station just over three hours later, joining two Russians, four Americans and a German on the orbiting outpost.

The liftoff marked the first launch by a space crew since Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24.

The war led to canceled spacecraft launches and broken contracts. Roscosmos chief Dmitry Rogozin has warned the United States should use “broomsticks” to fly in space after Russia said it would stop supplying rocket engines to American companies. However, many fear that Rogozin could jeopardize decades of peaceful off-planet partnership, including on the International Space Station.

NASA Administrator Bill Nelson played down Rogozin’s comments, telling The Associated Press, “It’s just Dmitry Rogozin. It springs from time to time. But in the end, he worked with us,”

“Other people who work in the Russian civilian space program are professionals,” Nelson told the AP on Friday. “They don’t miss a beat with us American astronauts and American mission control. Despite all this, in space we can have cooperation with our Russian friends, our colleagues.”

NASA astronaut Mark Vande Hei – who on Tuesday broke the US record for a single 340-day spaceflight – is due to depart the International Space Station with two Russians aboard a Soyuz capsule for a March 30 landing in Kazakhstan.

In April, three more NASA astronauts and an Italian astronaut are scheduled to take off for the space station.

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Biden demands faster drop in gas prices as oil falls https://stlouisrocketry.org/biden-demands-faster-drop-in-gas-prices-as-oil-falls/ Thu, 17 Mar 2022 14:25:43 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/biden-demands-faster-drop-in-gas-prices-as-oil-falls/ “Oil prices go down, so should gas prices,” Biden said on Twitter. “The last time oil was $96 a barrel, gas was $3.62 a gallon. Now it’s $4.31. Oil and gas companies shouldn’t increase profits at the expense of American workers .” The administration’s focus on the intricacies of energy prices shows the level of […]]]>

“Oil prices go down, so should gas prices,” Biden said on Twitter. “The last time oil was $96 a barrel, gas was $3.62 a gallon. Now it’s $4.31. Oil and gas companies shouldn’t increase profits at the expense of American workers .”

The administration’s focus on the intricacies of energy prices shows the level of frustration inside the White House with one of the key drivers of high inflation.

Prices at the gas pump are falling, but only very gradually. The national average for regular gasoline fell to $4.31 a gallon on Wednesday, according to AAA. That’s down a penny from Tuesday and two pennies from Monday.
This is despite Brent oil crashing 28% between the March 6 intraday peak and Tuesday’s close.

“It just seems to take a long time”

It’s not new. The industry even has a nickname for this practice: Rockets and Feathers.

“It’s been going on for 40 years,” Andy Lipow, president of consulting firm Lipow Oil Associates, told CNN. “Prices are falling, it just seems to take a long time. You can’t deny the data that’s out there.”

Old or new, Biden is no fan, especially after witnessing this phenomenon last fall when gas prices slowly retreated after the administration released emergency oil reserves and Omicron struck. .

“Try to explain it’s all about rockets and feathers to President Biden, and you better be ready to hear ‘It’s a bunch of malarkeys’ coming your way,” a senior said. White House official at CNN. “The president is well within his rights to point out that if you’re going to have rockets going up, you need to have rockets going down, not feathers.”

But it may be unreasonable to say that prices at the pump should change instantly just because oil prices change. It takes time for price fluctuations to trickle down the supply chain.

Perhaps the owner of a gas station is selling fuel today that he purchased a few days earlier, when oil prices were much higher. (This is especially true in today’s extremely volatile market.)

“Don’t get me wrong. There would be some lag,” Lipow said. “What if I was the guy who just bought my tanker load yesterday and the crude oil fell the next two days?”

Tom Kloza, global head of energy analysis at the Oil Price Information Service, said gas stations had no choice but to pass the impact of higher oil prices on to the rise due to the pressure on their profit margins.

“And going down, it’s like, ‘We’ll be as patient as possible,'” Kloza said. “They will fall, but at a much slower rate.”

Joe Brusuelas, chief economist at consultancy RSM, noted that gasoline prices are a function of past purchases and expectations about the cost of future deliveries – and there is currently great uncertainty about the direction of gas prices. oil.

“The criticism of price-fixing at gas stations is somewhat misguided,” Bruseulas said.

$1,300 affected to households

There are real economic consequences here.

Every 10-cent increase in gas prices costs consumers at least $11 billion over the course of a year, according to Moody’s Analytics.

Gasoline prices have surged over the past year and a half, and as of the end of last week were about $1.50 per gallon higher than the 2019 average. If prices stay this high , consumers will pay $165 billion more in 2022 than in 2019, according to Moody’s Analytics.

Oil prices fell 30% in one week.  Which give?

Put another way: Average annual gasoline spending would increase by about $1,300 per US household, Moody’s told CNN.

The senior White House official suggested that gas station owners are not passing savings on to consumers as quickly as they could.

“It uses pricing power in a way that isn’t particularly fair from a consumer perspective,” the official told CNN.

GasBuddy’s Patrick De Haan said earlier this week that the gas price decline should accelerate if oil stays below $100 a barrel.

“Stations lost their shirts going up, but now the margins are improving and they’ll start passing the discounts on to you,” De Haan wrote on Twitter.

“Uneven” link between oil and gas prices

Of course, the oil industry was in dire straits just two years ago. Oil prices crashed, with US crude turning negative for the first time, driving gasoline prices down dramatically.

The National Association of Convenience Stores, a trade group that represents the retail fuel industry, acknowledged in a blog post Wednesday that retailers may not cut prices immediately after an oil rally “to offset the margin they lost when prices increased”.

“Everyday retailers don’t know where wholesale prices might be heading, so they try to recoup the lost margin as quickly as possible, because they don’t know if wholesale prices might go up and margins might get tighter. “, said the NACS. in the post.

The industry group also pointed out that a complicating factor is that the fuel industry is currently going through its government-mandated annual transition to summer fuel blends.

“Retailers want lower gas prices just as much as their customers do,” NACS said. “When prices are low, consumers have more disposable income to shop in-store. They are also happier, which is also good for business.”

The American Petroleum Institute, the trade group representing the oil and gas industry, said in a statement that retail prices in many industries are falling more slowly than they are rising.

“When it comes to gas prices, Americans are looking for solutions, not accusations,” said Frank Macchiarola, API’s senior vice president of policy, economics and regulatory affairs.

There is academic research that supports the White House argument.

The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis released a report in 2014 pointing out that there is an “uneven” relationship with the impact of oil prices on gasoline prices. This report was based on a review of academic work measuring the so-called transmission of oil and gasoline.

“When oil prices rise after being flat for some time, gasoline prices rise rapidly,” the Fed newspaper said. “In contrast, when oil prices fall after being flat for a while, gasoline prices slowly come back down.”

Who owns the gas?

Biden’s focus on this issue comes after House Democrats penned a letter last week urging congressional leaders to immediately investigate and hold hearings into “alleged price gouging in the oil industry and gas”.
Democrats have also introduced a Big Oil Windfalls profit tax that would aim to “stifle the profits” of oil companies.

Although gas stations often bear the logo of a major oil producer such as Exxon or Shell, they are often owned and operated by independent retailers. Gas station owners are allowed to represent this household brand.

For example, ExxonMobil (XOM) says it does not own or operate gas stations in the United States, even though there are countless Exxon and Mobil gas stations across the country. At the end of 2020, Exxon listed nearly 11,000 distribution sites in the United States.
According to the American Petroleum Institute, petroleum refiners own less than 5% of the nation’s roughly 150,000 retail gas stations. Many gas stations are owned by an individual or a family, while others are under the control of a corporation that owns hundreds of them.

Ultimately, Kloza said people who can wait to buy gas will benefit.

“If you can wait five days to fill up, you’ll get a lower price,” Kloza said.

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So Delicious® Dairy Free invites you to free your mind from dairy with NEW Wondermilk™ products https://stlouisrocketry.org/so-delicious-dairy-free-invites-you-to-free-your-mind-from-dairy-with-new-wondermilk-products/ Wed, 16 Mar 2022 14:00:00 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/so-delicious-dairy-free-invites-you-to-free-your-mind-from-dairy-with-new-wondermilk-products/ Mission accomplished: So Delicious offers a new line of creamy, dreamy, dairy-free frozen desserts and drinks that are so good you won’t believe they didn’t come from a cow. BROOMFIELD, Colo., March 16, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Over 80% of US households have ice cream in their freezer, but only a fraction of that (~11%) is […]]]>

Mission accomplished: So Delicious offers a new line of creamy, dreamy, dairy-free frozen desserts and drinks that are so good you won’t believe they didn’t come from a cow.

BROOMFIELD, Colo., March 16, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Over 80% of US households have ice cream in their freezer, but only a fraction of that (~11%) is dairy-free offerings1. Why? Many consumers believe that dairy-free alternatives simply don’t compare to traditional dairy-based frozen desserts. in fact, a recent survey found that among plant-based American consumers, about two-thirds still choose the dairy version of ice cream, while only about a quarter will consider dairy-free alternatives.2.

Challenge accepted by the culinary geniuses of So Delicious® Dairy Free, leader in dairy-free products for over 30 years. So Delicious picks up the traditional ice cream crowd with Wondermilk™, a new line of dairy-free frozen desserts so rich and creamy you’ll find it hard to believe they didn’t come from a cow. So Delicious Wondermilk was created by flavor visionaries and designed for dairy lovers who haven’t discovered how delicious dairy-free can be…until now.

Filled with bold, creamy goodness, these innovative and legendary new (or should we say, dairy-free) frozen desserts have been crafted with a unique blend of dairy-free ingredients specially formulated to deliver the key characteristics of traditional dairy, like the smooth, balanced taste and creamy texture. The “wonder” of Wondermilk comes to life when you pick up a spoon and dive into an out of this world experience.

So Delicious Wondermilk frozen desserts are available in five pint flavors and two cone flavors, all certified vegan and non-GMO project verified, rolling out to grocery stores nationwide.

  • Pints ​​of So Delicious Wondermilk Frozen Dessert:
    • Buttered Pecans features rich caramel and swirling pecans in a magical frozen dessert
    • Vanilla delivers indulgent vanilla flavor with every spoonful of out-of-this-world deliciousness
    • Chocolate Cocoa Chips has a rich cocoa swirl in every delicious bite
    • cookies and cream offers delicious cookies and cream that will have you saying “it’s love!” with every bite
    • Strawberry is full of strawberries for a bright taste of sweet, sweet wonder
  • So Delicious Wondermilk Ice Cream Cones:
    • salted caramel are the cones of your dreams with a delicious salted caramel flavor and chocolate swirls mixed with a legendary dairy-free dessert
    • Vanilla Peanut cones are like a rocket ship for pure delight with vanilla delights, peanut crunch toppings and sweetness chocolate swirls

“Let’s face it, people are always skeptical of dairy-free alternatives, especially when it comes to ice cream,” said Jean Starkey, President of Plant-Based Foods and Beverages, Danone North America. “We asked ourselves if we could do something revolutionary: transform the right blend of dairy-free ingredients to create a deliciousness that rivals the rich, creamy attributes of dairy ice cream. Our dedicated team has worked tirelessly to capture that magic, and now So Delicious Wondermilk is raising the bar for the entire dairy-free frozen dessert category, further disrupting the shelves as the brand has done for over 30 years.”

While picking up the new frozen desserts, you can also find So Delicious Wondermilk as a smooth and creamy dairy-free drink – made with a blend of smooth oats, creamy coconut and soy – which comes in whole fat and Lightened varieties. It’s a culinary staple to add to your favorite recipes, add to your morning latte, or enjoy on its own.

Wondermilk Frozen Desserts (MSRP $5.49/pint, $5.49/box of 3 cones) are available at grocery stores nationwide, while Wondermilk Beverages (MSRP $4.99/59 oz. carton) can be found exclusively at Whole Foods stores starting this month. To find availability near you, be sure to check the So Delicious Product Locator. Whether enjoyed as a frozen dessert or a drink, Wondermilk will delight dairy-free minds with a taste of its creamy, dreamy, dairy-free magic.

Keep an eye on So Delicious social media for more on how we’re going to free people’s minds with So Delicious Wondermilk Frozen Desserts! Follow So Delicious Dairy Free on Instagram at @So deliciouson Facebook at @SoDeliciousDairyFreeand on Twitter at @So delicious.

1 IRI Panel, Total US MULO (52 weeks ending December 26, 2021)
2Food Industry News 2021

About So Delicious® Dairy free
So Delicious Dairy Free has been bringing joy to dairy-free lives for 30 years. We offer a range of delicious dairy-free treats you can sip, scoop, lick and drink all day long. From our robust allergen testing program to the innovative work we do to create products made with the highest quality ingredients, we are committed to doing the right thing for people, animals and the planet. Our entire food and beverage line is Vegan Certified and listed or verified by the Non-GMO Project. So Delicious Dairy Free offers a range of dairy-free products including frozen desserts, beverages, yogurt alternatives, coffee creamers and more, and is proud to be part of the B Corp™ movement. Find more information on: https://bcorporation.net/directory/danone-north-america.

About Danone North America
Danone North America is a purpose-driven company and an industry leader in the food and beverage category. As a certified company B®, Danone North America is committed to creating both economic and social value, while protecting natural ecosystems through sustainable agriculture. Our strong brand portfolio includes: Activia®DanActive®Animals®danon®evian®Happy family® Organic, honest to goodness®Horizon® Organic, International Delight®Lightweight + Fit®Oikos®Silk®so delicious® Dairy-free, STōK®two vouchers®Wallaby® Organic and YoCrunch®. With more than 6,000 employees and 16 production sites in the United States and Canada, Danone North America’s mission is to bring health through food to as many people as possible. For more information, visit www.danonenorthamerica.com/. For more information on Danone North America’s B Corp™ status, visit: https://bcorporation.net/directory/danone-north-america.

SOURCE So Delicious Dairy Free

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Two-Stroke Engines Got Powerful Thanks to Rocket Science https://stlouisrocketry.org/two-stroke-engines-got-powerful-thanks-to-rocket-science/ Tue, 15 Mar 2022 05:10:08 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/two-stroke-engines-got-powerful-thanks-to-rocket-science/ Highlights of the article on the science of exhaust rockets in two-stroke motorcycle engines: Modern two-stroke engines have high horsepower per liter figures, thanks in part to rocket scientist Walter Kaaden Although Kaaden did not invent a specific feature, he developed the modern form of the two-stroke exhaust manifold that effectively uses gas flow to […]]]>

Highlights of the article on the science of exhaust rockets in two-stroke motorcycle engines:

  • Modern two-stroke engines have high horsepower per liter figures, thanks in part to rocket scientist Walter Kaaden
  • Although Kaaden did not invent a specific feature, he developed the modern form of the two-stroke exhaust manifold that effectively uses gas flow to increase horsepower.
  • The latest two-stroke dirt bikes still rely on Kaaden’s refined techniques, although that didn’t help them become street legal.

Cars have more parts than motorcycles, but both have an intense amount of thought, sweat, and math poured into every detail. And seemingly small – and often overlooked – tweaks to these details can often have surprisingly big results. Just look at how things like vortex generators and splitters affect race car behavior. But making such changes sometimes requires outside help. And in the case of the development of the modern two-stroke engine, a real rocket scientist was needed.

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Pete Davidson and five paying customers will fly on Jeff Bezos’ suborbital rocket https://stlouisrocketry.org/pete-davidson-and-five-paying-customers-will-fly-on-jeff-bezos-suborbital-rocket/ Mon, 14 Mar 2022 13:52:37 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/pete-davidson-and-five-paying-customers-will-fly-on-jeff-bezos-suborbital-rocket/ The company announced Monday morning that Davidson, the Saturday Night Live star who became a mainstay of entertainment intrigue amid his relationship with Kim Kardashian, will fly alongside five paying customers on the 60ft New Shepard rocket. tall from Blue Origin. The launch is scheduled for March 23 at 8:30 a.m. CT, according to Blue […]]]>
The company announced Monday morning that Davidson, the Saturday Night Live star who became a mainstay of entertainment intrigue amid his relationship with Kim Kardashian, will fly alongside five paying customers on the 60ft New Shepard rocket. tall from Blue Origin.
The launch is scheduled for March 23 at 8:30 a.m. CT, according to Blue Origin. The announcement comes after CNN confirmed earlier that Davidson was in talks with the company for a seat aboard its supersonic rocket, which launches vertically from a rural Texas launch pad on Bezos’ ranch.
After years of quiet development, Blue Origin’s space-touring rocket made its crewed debut last year with Bezos, flying alongside space community hero Wally Funk, her brother Mark Bezos and fellow space heroes. a paying customer.
Since then, Blue Origin has made headlines for piloting other well-known names on two subsequent flights, including Star Trek star William Shatner and Good Morning America host Michael Strahan.

Blue Origin’s goal is to make these suborbital spaceflights a mainstay of pop culture, providing a 10-minute supersonic ride to welcomed guests — who until now have been mostly celebrities — and anyone else who has the means.

Davidson will be joined on his flight by five paying customers. Among them, Marty Allen, an investor and the former CEO of a party supply store; Jim Kitchen, entrepreneur and business teacher; George Nield, a former associate director for the Office of Commercial Space Transportation of the Federal Aviation Administration; Marc Hagle, a Orlando real estate developer and his wife, Sharon Hagle, who founded a space-focused nonprofit.

The crew will spend a few days training at Blue Origin’s facility in West Texas before the day of the flight, when they board the New Shepard crew capsule that sits atop the rocket. After liftoff, the rocket will exceed the speed of sound and, near the top of its flight path, will detach from the capsule. As the rocket booster returns to Earth for a vertical landing, the crewed capsule will continue to climb higher into the atmosphere more than 60 miles above the surface where the blackness of space is visible and the Capsule windows will offer unobstructed views of Earth.

As the flight reaches its climax, passengers will experience a few minutes of weightlessness. Bezos notably spent his time in weightlessness bowling and turning around in the cabin. Others have been glued to the window.

As gravity begins to pull the capsule back to the ground, passengers will once again experience intense g-forces before sets of parachutes are deployed to slow the vehicle. It will then land at less than 20 miles per hour in the Texas desert.

Blue Origin's New Shepard takes off from the launch pad with 90-year-old Star Trek actor William Shatner and three other civilians on October 13, 2021 near Van Horn, Texas.

Because the flights are suborbital – meaning they don’t generate enough speed or take the right trajectory to avoid being immediately dragged down by Earth’s gravity – the whole show will only last about 10 minutes.

Blue Origin is the first company to offer scheduled suborbital space tourism flights. Its main competitor, Virgin Galactic, notably made its first crewed flight – which included founder Richard Branson – before Bezos flew last July. But Virgin Galactic has yet to follow up that flight with another crewed flight after it later became clear the company’s spaceplane had deviated from its designated flight path. The company now says it is undergoing independent technology upgrades and could resume flying later this year.

SpaceX is the only private company that offers orbital travel. The company conducted the first-ever all-civilian flight into orbit last September, taking a billionaire and three chosen crewmates on a three-day trip. And later this month, the company plans to take four paying customers on a flight to the International Space Station, which orbits about 200 miles above Earth.

Blue Origin plans to build a rocket powerful enough to reach orbit, called New Glenn. And, in light of the news that Russia can no longer sell rocket engines to the United States, those plans are more urgent than ever. The engines Blue Origin plans to use for New Glenn, the BE-4, will also be used on a future launch vehicle designed by United Launch Alliance, a joint venture between Lockheed Martin and Boeing that is responsible for major national security launches in the States. -United. ULA currently relies on Russian RD-180 engines.

Blue Origin did not have specific updates on BE-4 when contacted for comment.

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Global Multiple Rocket Launcher Market Growth Statistics 2022 by Key Vendors – Avibras, IMI – Journal l’Action Régionale https://stlouisrocketry.org/global-multiple-rocket-launcher-market-growth-statistics-2022-by-key-vendors-avibras-imi-journal-laction-regionale/ Sun, 13 Mar 2022 20:38:24 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/global-multiple-rocket-launcher-market-growth-statistics-2022-by-key-vendors-avibras-imi-journal-laction-regionale/ Global Multiple Rocket Launcher Market from 2022 to 2028 is the title of professional market research conducted by MarketsandResearch.biz to analyze the potential growth prospects of the market. The main objective of the research is to provide basic information about industry competitors, current market trends, market potential, growth rate and other relevant data. Overall growth […]]]>

Global Multiple Rocket Launcher Market from 2022 to 2028 is the title of professional market research conducted by MarketsandResearch.biz to analyze the potential growth prospects of the market. The main objective of the research is to provide basic information about industry competitors, current market trends, market potential, growth rate and other relevant data.

Overall growth patterns, industry growth prospects, and competitive assessments are all explored in depth. Porter’s Five Forces SWOT analysis is used to further assess the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the global Multiple Rocket Launcher market. Current market trends, development potential, regional assessments, strategic concepts and developing segments in the Multiple Rocket Launchers are all examined in this report.

DOWNLOAD FREE SAMPLE REPORT: https://www.marketsandresearch.biz/sample-request/163423

The study examines the greatest barriers to market expansion along with the long-term growth potential of the global Multiple Rocket Launcher industry. Expansion plans and methods, growth projections, production methodologies and cost structures are all explained in this document.

  • This research examines a number of geographically significant regions:
    • North America (United States, Canada and Mexico)
    • Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, Italy and rest of Europe)
    • Asia Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Southeast Asia and Australia)
    • South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and rest of South America)
    • Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Egypt, South Africa and Rest of Middle East and Africa)
  • Here are the main applications of the study:
  • The study covers the following product categories:
    • Tracked rocket launchers
    • Wheeled rocket launcher
    • Towed rocket launchers
  • The following manufacturers were found, according to the study report.
    • Lockheed Martin
    • NORINCO GROUP
    • Splav
    • Roketsan
    • Avibra
    • IMI

ACCESS FULL REPORT: https://www.marketsandresearch.biz/report/163423/global-multiple-rocket-launchers-market-2021-by-manufacturers-regions-type-and-application-forecast-to-2026

The research offers an in-depth analysis of the global multiple rocket launcher market, now and in the future. Separate chapters on regional studies, along with annual growth forecasts for the survey period from 2022 to 2028, are provided to help readers better grasp the future prospects of the markets.

Report customization:

This report can be customized to meet customer requirements. Please contact our sales team (sales@marketsandresearch.biz), who will ensure that you get a report tailored to your needs. You can also get in touch with our executives at +1-201-465-4211 to share your research needs.

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Kim seeks to extend launch pad amid concerns over ICBM firing https://stlouisrocketry.org/kim-seeks-to-extend-launch-pad-amid-concerns-over-icbm-firing/ Fri, 11 Mar 2022 01:20:32 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/kim-seeks-to-extend-launch-pad-amid-concerns-over-icbm-firing/ North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has ordered his officials to expand a satellite launch facility to fire a variety of rockets By Associated Press HYUNG-JIN KIM March 11, 2022, 04:57 • 4 minute read Share on FacebookShare on TwitterEmail this article SEOUL, South Korea — North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has ordered his […]]]>

North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has ordered his officials to expand a satellite launch facility to fire a variety of rockets

SEOUL, South Korea — North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has ordered his officials to expand a satellite launch facility to fire a variety of rockets, state media reported Friday, as U.S. military and South Koreans concluded that the North was testing a new intercontinental ballistic missile. system.

Experts said earlier that North Korea may soon carry out a rocket launch carrying a satellite in violation of UN resolutions after recently carrying out a series of tests aimed at modernizing its missile arsenals and exerting more pressure on the Biden administration amid stalled diplomacy. Such a rocket launch by North Korea would be its biggest provocation since late 2017 and a violation of its self-imposed moratorium on long-range and nuclear testing.

North Korea’s neighbors detected two ballistic launches last week in the country’s first weapons fire in about a month. North Korea later said it was testing cameras and other systems to be installed on a spy satellite, but did not reveal which missiles or rockets it was using.

After analyzing those launches, the US and South Korean militaries said they had concluded that the North’s two recent missile launches involved an ICBM system under development that the North first unveiled at a military parade in October 2020.

“The purpose of these tests, which did not demonstrate the range of the ICBM, was likely to evaluate this new system before conducting a full-range test in the future, potentially disguised as a space launch,” said Pentagon Press Secretary John Kirby in a statement Thursday. .

Kirby said the US military had ordered “enhanced readiness” among its ballistic missile defense forces in the region and stepped up surveillance activities off the west coast of the Korean Peninsula.

“The United States strongly condemns these launches, which constitute a brazen violation of several UN Security Council resolutions, unnecessarily increase tensions and risk destabilizing the security situation in the region,” Kirby said.

South Korea’s Defense Ministry issued a similar assessment on Friday and said North Korea should immediately end any actions that raise tensions and pose security concerns in the region.

According to a ministry statement, Seoul and Washington decided to release the information because they believe the international community should speak with one voice in opposing the North’s development of a new missile capability.

On Friday, North Korea’s Central News Agency reported that Kim inspected the Sohae satellite launch ground in the northwest and ordered officials to “upgrade it to an expansion base so that various rockets can be launched to carry multi-purpose satellites”.

“He stressed that it is the noble duty of our party and space scientists and technicians of our time to transform the launch pad, associated with our state’s great dream and ambition for space power, into a base state-of-the-art advancement,” KCNA said.

North Korea carried out two successful satellite launches from the Sohae facility in 2012 and 2016. It said they were Earth observation satellites developed under its peaceful space development program , but the UN is banning a North Korean satellite launch because it could serve as cover to test missile technology. .

Kim said earlier this week that North Korea needed reconnaissance satellites to monitor “US imperialism’s aggression troops and vassal forces.”

But some experts question the capability of North Korea’s spy satellites because it has not released high-resolution images among recent photos believed to have been taken from space. They also say there is no evidence that the two satellites launched in 2012 and 2016 ever transmitted images.

In 2017, North Korea conducted three ICBM launches that demonstrated a range that could include the American continent. Analysts say it lacks proficiency in a few remaining technologies, such as a re-entry vehicle, to have functional ICBMs that can carry nuclear warheads.

In 2018, North Korea unilaterally suspended long-range and nuclear testing before starting now dormant denuclearization talks with the United States. The talks broke down in 2019 due to disputes over US sanctions against the North. Senior Pyongyang officials recently hinted at the lifting of the 2018 weapons testing moratorium.

Observers say North Korea could conduct a spy satellite launch or ICBM test before its big political birthday in April – the 110th birthday of state founder Kim Il Sung, Kim Jong’s late grandfather One.

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The case of University Rocket League https://stlouisrocketry.org/the-case-of-university-rocket-league/ Thu, 10 Mar 2022 11:28:07 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/the-case-of-university-rocket-league/ By nurturing the youth, we ensure the future of what we cherish. That’s presumably what the folks at Rocket League thought when they introduced the Collegiate Rocket League. For starters, college esports isn’t just your average amateur league, rather it’s a well-funded, cohesive, and sustainable playground for college undergraduates and graduate students to further their […]]]>

By nurturing the youth, we ensure the future of what we cherish.

That’s presumably what the folks at Rocket League thought when they introduced the Collegiate Rocket League. For starters, college esports isn’t just your average amateur league, rather it’s a well-funded, cohesive, and sustainable playground for college undergraduates and graduate students to further their careers in esports. .

Still, we’ve seen a lot of bad college esports over the past decade, so hats off to Rocket League’s awesome take on college esports.

Psyonix / RL Esports

Rocket League Collegiate Esports Programs in Europe and North America

Collegiate Rocket League

Since its introduction in the fall of 2017, CRL has spent approximately $790,000 in the prize pool. And don’t get us started on the infrastructure and esports programs of American universities that partner colleges have dedicated to maintenance.

Each season has two qualifiers, the North America East and West regions. Then the top twelve teams from both regions come together to play in a final with a prize pool of $50,000 up for grabs. Aside from the awards won, it is evident that many colleges and universities support the program as we often see regular participants over the years.

European College Rocketeers Championship

Psyonix hasn’t missed the European stage either, with its first major prize pool starting in the 2021-22 season. After the concerning state of college esports in 2021, it goes without saying that the EU deserves its own college esports program. Additionally, the EURC has a more diverse and wider participation, so it has resorted to group stages of 8-10 teams per league.

This is probably the biggest W in Rocket League. University esports programs across Europe lag far behind the United States and even China. Rocket League is the first esport next to maybe League of Legends to really tackle esports in academia really well.

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European rocket launch company grapples with fallout from war in Ukraine https://stlouisrocketry.org/european-rocket-launch-company-grapples-with-fallout-from-war-in-ukraine/ Sat, 05 Mar 2022 13:11:00 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/european-rocket-launch-company-grapples-with-fallout-from-war-in-ukraine/ French satellite launch company Arianespace said on Friday it was exploring its options after the Russian space agency withdrew cooperation on some projects, disrupting some rocket operations. Arianespace has cooperated with Russian entities to use the Russian-designed Soyuz rocket to launch spacecraft from the European Spaceport in French Guiana and the Russian-controlled Baikonur facility in […]]]>

French satellite launch company Arianespace said on Friday it was exploring its options after the Russian space agency withdrew cooperation on some projects, disrupting some rocket operations.

Arianespace has cooperated with Russian entities to use the Russian-designed Soyuz rocket to launch spacecraft from the European Spaceport in French Guiana and the Russian-controlled Baikonur facility in Kazakhstan.

“Arianespace is in close contact with its customers and the French and European authorities to better assess all the consequences of this situation and to develop alternative solutions,” the company said in a press release.

Roscosmos, as the Russian space agency is known, pulled out due to sanctions the European Union and other governments imposed on Russia following its attack on Ukraine.

The move is a setback for Europe’s efforts to deploy its Galileo constellation of GPS-like satellites. Arianespace was preparing to launch the latest batch of navigation satellites. “The Galileo satellites are in a stable configuration,” the company said.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has emphasized international space cooperation. Roscosmos has raised doubts about its future involvement with the International Space Station and said Thursday it was halting rocket engine deliveries to the United States.

Satellite broadband company OneWeb said on Thursday it would suspend satellite launches from a Russian spaceport in Kazakhstan. The day before, Roscosmos had threatened to block the launch of the company’s communications satellites unless it received guarantees that they would not be used for military purposes.

OneWeb is partly owned by the UK government. Roscosmos suggested the UK should cede the stake, an idea the UK government quickly rejected.

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Powered by ‘aerobic’ magnetic fluid engines, China is determined to have a fleet of hypersonic aircraft by 2035 https://stlouisrocketry.org/powered-by-aerobic-magnetic-fluid-engines-china-is-determined-to-have-a-fleet-of-hypersonic-aircraft-by-2035/ Tue, 01 Mar 2022 03:17:45 +0000 https://stlouisrocketry.org/powered-by-aerobic-magnetic-fluid-engines-china-is-determined-to-have-a-fleet-of-hypersonic-aircraft-by-2035/ China would develop and test its hypersonic technology at an unprecedented rate. He claims to have added another engine to his arsenal that can propel him to the forefront of hypersonic racing. China’s hypersonic weapons program hopes to launch into the future with an ‘air-breathing’ magnetic fluid engine that could make it commercial possible get […]]]>

China would develop and test its hypersonic technology at an unprecedented rate. He claims to have added another engine to his arsenal that can propel him to the forefront of hypersonic racing.

China’s hypersonic weapons program hopes to launch into the future with an ‘air-breathing’ magnetic fluid engine that could make it commercial possible get anywhere on Earth in less than an hour.

By 2035, China intends to build a hypersonic passenger fleet that will use near-Earth orbit to travel to any destination in the world in less than an hour. Even though this program has been ridiculed by Western observers, China remains committed to developing an aircraft of this caliber and expanding the fleet more than a decade after a successful operation.

The program’s senior scientist said the super-quiet engine with no moving parts will also help build the next-generation launch vehicle, which is expected to significantly improve China’s space capability.

The “next generation launch vehicle” is likely to launch a crewed mission into space and could potentially make its first flight in 2026. An advanced engine powering it could prove to be a major space technology milestone for the communist nation.

A concept model for a next-generation launcher on display at Zhuhai Show, 2018-CASC

The experimental engine, according to Wei Baoxi, who has overseen several of China’s “milestone” hypersonic test flights, could significantly increase the vehicle’s flight efficiency and stability.

The motor, known as a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) drive, apparently generates thrust from an electrically charged fluid that is forced through it by an electromagnetic force, and it is said to be used in tandem with the scramjet, another air-breathing engine, SCMP has been informed.

Magnetohydrodynamic drive - Wikipedia
Magnetohydrodynamic drive – Wikipedia

The MHD was designed to power nuclear submarines, but due to the low conductivity of salt water it was deemed unsuitable.

Air molecules on the surface of an aircraft traveling at five or more times the speed of sound, on the other hand, become electrically charged, making the futuristic engine’s ideal working environment.

The MHD engine has the potential to change near-Earth orbit flight and propel China to the forefront of aerospace racing, according to Wei, who is also deputy director of mixed-cycle engine development at Beijing Power. Machinery Research Institute.

“This technological revolution is a historic opportunity that China cannot afford to miss,” he said. “With a technological advantage, a solid industrial base and continuous innovation, China could take a unique path to develop new power systems for aerospace activities.”

China’s focus appears to be on viability and near-orbit travel, as a few weeks ago it also conducted a test flight for a new engine, which analysts say will power future hypersonic aircraft. and close to the country’s space, according to Chinese state media. — world times.

Chinese hypersonic dream engine

Winged hypersonic aircraft, according to Wei, will eventually replace regular rockets as the backbone of near-orbit transport. According to him, the MHD engine could increase the total efficiency of air-breathing spaceplanes by 10%, compared to scramjets, which suck in air and mix it with fuel to achieve combustion.

Wei and his research team wrote in a report published last month in the peer-reviewed Chinese journal “Aerospace China” that aerobic propulsion “would be the method that human beings should adopt to achieve high efficiency in moving between Earth and Space”. ”

A magnetohydrodynamic drive, also known as an MHD accelerator, is a method of propelling vehicles using only electric and magnetic fields, with no moving components, using magnetohydrodynamics to accelerate an electrically conductive propellant (liquid or gas). the fluid is directed backwards and like a reactionthe vehicle accelerates forward.

China is developing a hypersonic plane that can fly at 12,000 mph, looks like Boeing X-47C – TechEBlog
China is developing a hypersonic aircraft capable of flying at 12,000 MPH; it looks like the Boeing X-47C

The MHD drive, according to Wei, could help overcome many technological hurdles to make commercial hypersonic spaceflight a reality, SCMP said. Currently, as the Mach number increases, the thrust created by the aerobic engines decreases and the extremely high temperatures generated can damage the surface of the aircraft.

There is also the problem of unpredictable turbulence, which requires sophisticated and expensive flight control systems, as well as the requirement for reusable key components in a successful hypersonic space vehicle.

Due to its air-breathing capability, Chinese space scientists estimate that the hypersonic aircraft currently in development will be 10 times more efficient than a rocket that requires its own oxygen.

China’s reverse-engineered MHD engine could absorb energy from surrounding fast-moving hot air molecules to preserve the surface of the craft and extend its service life.

Some of the captured energy would be converted into electricity, which is used to power powerful plasma jets that aid in flight control. The rest is routed through an afterburner, which uses electromagnetic force to drive the exhaust to generate additional thrust.

To achieve maximum performance, the magnetic fluid engine, according to Wei, will need to be combined with other emerging technologies such as rapid cooling systems and detonation engines. Recent test flights have demonstrated that these technologies have a lot of potential, he said.

These efforts could be remarkable if the claims are confirmed, as China has relentlessly tested hypersonic capability on a war footing. On the other hand, the United States still struggles to manufacture a suitable hypersonic weapon, in part due to a view within American strategic circles that the country has a much larger number of powerful ballistic missiles capable of to inflict significant damage to opponents in any potential. future conflict.

Space launch with aerobic engine

China says it is working on a next-generation rocket that should become the main launch vehicle for the country’s future manned mission.

There are dangers in creating brand new technology, according to a Beijing-based space scientist who is not involved in Wei’s project. He said there is evidence China’s space authorities “don’t want to put all their eggs in one basket.”

In mid-February, two models of next-generation Chinese manned launch vehicles — a hypersonic aircraft and a more traditional two-stage reusable rocket — were unveiled, according to the scientist, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

When Wang Xiaojun, president of the Chinese Academy of Launcher Technology, floated the idea of ​​a launcher at an international online conference, it was criticized as a forgery. It appeared it would function as SpaceX’s reusable Starship, which has become the backbone of US space missions, according to social media users.

According to the Beijing scientist, SpaceX’s feat raised questions about whether China should follow suit, as some of China’s reusable rocket prototypes had already successfully vertically landed in test flights.

Chinese hypersonic aircraft
Image of what is believed to be a Chinese hypersonic aircraft. (CCTV screenshot)

While Chinese researchers aren’t abandoning reusable rocket technology, scientists say interest in air motor technology is growing. He points out that the fuel efficiency of a rocket engine is already low and that powered descents and soft landings consume even more energy.

However, in a more recent development, Science and Technology Daily declared that China’s next-generation manned launch vehicle could have a reusable first stage that can land vertically smoothly.

According to Wang Xiaojun, director of the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, which is part of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, the reusable first stage can perform engine deceleration during reentry and regulate and decelerate using pneumatic rudders. .

It’s indicative of an approach that doesn’t rely exclusively on air-breathing engines or reusable rockets. China’s investment in both types of technology could mean it intends to boost its hypersonic and conventional reusable launch capability, in tandem.

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