What weapons has Ukraine received from the United States and its allies? | News infographics
Defense ministers from NATO countries and other parts of the world will meet on Wednesday to discuss arms deliveries to Ukraine.
The meeting comes as Kyiv seeks a significant increase in weapons to combat Russian forces. Ahead of the talks, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said allies would continue to deliver heavy weapons and long-range systems to Ukraine.
Since the Russian invasion on February 24, Ukraine has received billions of dollars worth of arms and military equipment from at least 28 countries.
Twenty-five of the 28 countries providing military assistance to Ukraine are NATO members, including the United States and the United Kingdom, which provide Kyiv with sophisticated weapons such as multiple rocket launchers ( MLRS).
Despite its growing arsenal, Ukraine, which has only 200,000 active military personnel, is vastly outnumbered by Russian forces.
Countries that have supplied Ukraine with weapons and military equipment are: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany , Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, North Macedonia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States.
These do not include countries providing non-lethal aid or fuel, such as Ireland and Japan.
What weapons has Ukraine received?
The military aid sent to Ukraine includes conventional weapons as well as more advanced equipment and armaments.
Below is an overview of the weapons pledged by some countries, some of which have been delivered and some of which have not yet been sent. This is not an exhaustive list, as some countries keep their transfers secret.
Weapons include artillery, anti-aircraft weapons, anti-tank weapons, armored vehicles, reconnaissance and attack drones, helicopters, small arms, ammunition, and body armor.
Howitzers were supplied by countries such as Estonia and Norway. The United States also promised M114 155mm howitzers – long-range artillery launchers.
Anti-aircraft and anti-tank weapons:
Shoulder-fired MANPAD systems, NLAWs, Harpoon anti-ship missiles, Stinger missiles, Javelin anti-tank missiles, MILAN anti-tank guided missiles and Cheetah anti-aircraft missiles are among the weapons promised to Ukraine.
The UK has supplied Ukraine with Mastiff armored vehicles that can carry a crew of two plus eight soldiers. Australia has pledged M113 armored personnel carriers and Bushmaster protected mobility vehicles, the latter of which can deploy 10 troops. T-72 tanks were also promised by Poland.
Reconnaissance and attack drones:
Turkish Bayraktar TB2 combat drones, US-made Phoenix Ghost tactical drones and Puma unmanned aerial systems are among the drones promised to Ukraine.
The Bayraktar drone in particular attracted attention during the war when Ukrainian forces used the weapon to destroy Russian artillery systems and armored vehicles.
The TB2 has a wingspan of 12 meters and can reach 25,000 feet. It was also used in conflicts in Syria, Nagorno-Karabakh, Iraq and Libya.
The United States and the Czech Republic sent Mi-24 attack helicopters to Ukraine.
A number of countries send automatic rifles, machine guns, assault rifles, sniper rifles, submachine guns, pistols and ammunition to Ukraine.
Last week the UK announced that it would give Ukraine M270 multiple launch rocket systems, which can hit targets up to 80 km (50 miles) away.
UK Defense Secretary Ben Wallace said in a statement, “As Russia’s tactics change, so must our support for Ukraine. These high-performance multiple launch rocket systems will better protect our Ukrainian friends against the brutal use of long-range artillery, which Putin’s forces have used indiscriminately to raze cities.
What weapons did the United States supply?
During the Russian invasion, the United States committed at least $54 billion in aid to Ukraine, including more than $20 billion in military support approved by Congress in May, as well as a number aid programs approved in March.
On June 1, the Department of Defense announced authorization for the eleventh DoD inventory drawdown for Ukraine since August 2021, with U.S. President Joe Biden saying the U.S. “will continue to provide Ukraine with weapons and equipment to defend itself”.
The DoD package includes:
- High mobility artillery rocket systems and ammunition;
- Five counter-artillery radars;
- Two air surveillance radars;
- 1,000 javelins and 50 command throwing units;
- 6,000 anti-armour weapons;
- 15,000 155mm artillery shells;
- Four Mi-17 helicopters;
- 15 tactical vehicles;
- Spare parts and equipment
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has repeatedly called on Western nations to send more heavy weapons to his country, arguing that this is the only way to prevent Russian forces from turning the war into “an endless bloodbath “.
On June 1, the Biden administration said it would provide Ukraine with High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS) on the condition that Ukrainian forces Do not use to hit targets inside Russian territory.
The M142 HIMARS is a lightweight, high-tech rocket launcher that can hit targets up to 80 km (50 miles) away. This is almost double the range of the current M777 howitzers, which the United States promised to provide earlier in the conflict.
The M142 HIMARS is seven meters long, 2.4 meters wide and 3.2 meters high. It has a maximum speed of 85 kilometers per hour (53 miles per hour) and a maximum range of 480 km (298 miles).
Ukraine already has Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) capabilities, but the HIMARS is a modernized system. The GPS-controlled M142 HIMARS can carry a pod of six 227mm guided missiles or a large pod loaded with a tactical missile.
A worn pod can be removed and a new one loaded by a small crew in minutes.
HIMARS will provide Ukrainian forces with the capabilities to strike Russian lines deeper from a greater distance.